Ever wonder what happens in the process of translation/interpretation “under the hood?” Let’s look at the mode of interpretation first. Cognitive processes that take place in a simultaneous interpreter’s mind and brain are intense and all happening nearly at the same time. Neurons are firing in all directions, igniting different cognitive processing circuitry. The brain is literally “on fire,” as a Russian cognitive scientist puts it. Consecutive interpreting is different from simultaneous from the perspective of the cognitive science, in that the stages of conversion of meaning and reproduction are delayed from the stage of intake and deciphering of the message. That does not, however, make the process easier.